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10 Techniques for better Fotos
  1. Get close - approach the motif
  2. Keep the background simple
  3. Hold the camera steady - avoid shaking - use both hands - relax - don't tense
  4. Attend to the correct exposure - particularly when using flash lights
  5. Know your camera - read the manual
  6. Don't always place the motif in the center
  7. Put the lights (e.g. the sun) behind you or to the side
  8. Take many pictures - later you can keep only the good ones
  9. Shot peole when they are occupied with something

  10. Be creative smile
10 Examples for creativity
  1. Include People - people are interesting
  2. Change perspective: duck down or get a higher standing sometimes
  3. Use Proportion: compare the size of an object to a smaller/bigger one
  4. Arrange things: place something interesting beside the actual motif
  5. Try black and white (not only for portraits)
  6. Show details - don't try to cover everything - often the details are more exciting
  7. create depth - try to show the third dimension
  8. Switch the format - use vertical format to emphasize height
  9. Use different angles
  10. play with colors - emphasize what you want to catch in the photo
Howto use flashlights
  1. Use a mounted flash light if possible - the further away the light source is from the lense, the smaller the change for red eyes
  2. Use tele and step back for less contrast (the light spreads)
  3. Also use flashlights in daylight to lighten up the motif in front of a bright background (e.g. for portraits in front of the sky or blossoms in front of bright green leaves)
  4. Mind the flash light exposure settings on your camera
Howto avoid blurry images
  1. Hold the camera in both hands, lean to a wall, rest your arms on something for support
  2. Rule of thumb: You can hold still at most 1 / focal length. If the shutter is greater than this, use a tripod.
    Exmaple: Focal distance is 35 mm, than everything smaller than 1/35 seconds is ok, for greater than this the chance to shake and get a blurry image rises
  3. If you don't need depth of sharpness use a wide aperture (small f-value) and a fast shutter
  4. Use a tripod when available
  5. Do the focus manually if the camera cannot do automatically
  1. GIMP is your friend (GNU Image Manipulation Program, a free alternative to Photoshop
  2. Cinepaint is a branch from GIMP with other focus
  3. PanoramaStudio: a great Shareware-Program (for win32) to generate Panroma-Images. Runs perfectly in WINE.
  4. Photomatix: a great Shareware-Program (for win32) to generate High Dynamic Range Images. Prices are 70% off for University-Members.